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Each employee must have a daily rest between two working days. Legal rest is at least 11 consecutive hours (labour code, article L3131-1). However, exceptions to this period may be made by agreement or agreement (Labour Code, L3131-2). However, a collective agreement cannot lead to a reduction in daily rest time to less than nine hours. Workers may not work more than six days in a row (labour code, section 3132-1) and the minimum weekly rest is 35 hours (Labour Code, Article 3132-2). Exceptions are possible, however. Laws passed in 2016 repealed previous rules that allowed unions, with the support of at least 50% of staff, and against the blocking agreement before it was put to a vote. For part-time contracts concluded on July 1, 2014, the working time must be at least 24 hours per week, as required by law, or of a shorter duration under a collective agreement, except in certain cases provided by law or collective agreement (for example. B, an express request from a worker for personal reasons or student status, etc.). These negotiations at the industrial level take place mainly at the national level. In 2017, more than two-thirds (70%) signed for the whole of France, a ratio similar to that of previous years. However, the situation is different in the negotiations on remuneration at the sector level; Only about half of the wage agreements were signed at the national level, with the remainder agreed at the regional or local level.

[9] Ordinance 2017-1385 of 22 September 2017 on strengthening collective bargaining If this union is representative (see question 2.1) in a company employing at least 50 employees, it may appoint one or more trade union delegates (union delegate in French). In addition to the resources available to the trade union service, trade union delegates can devote between 10 and 20 hours per month of their working time (depending on the size of the company) to their trade union activities, move freely within the company and benefit from special protection. In collective bargaining, the employer negotiates in particular with union delegates. As part of the 2016 labour law reform, Decrees 2016-1553 and 2016-1551 of 18 November 2016 implement Article 8 of the Act, which amends working time legislation in three respects: it defines the relevant provisions of public order in relation to labour relations, and sets out the extent of collective bargaining in a branch or company. provisions that apply without a collective agreement are defined.

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